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澳洲保育学论文代写:辩护证据规则设计

摘要辩护证据规则是英美法系具有争议的组成部分。澳大利亚以保持缔约的客观理论而闻名,尽管对现有的辩护证据规则一直存在争议。澳大利亚遵循的客观契约理论虽然允许在规则下创造方法,但它与法律制度有着完美的契合。该规则强调的主要目的是排除外部证据,这些证据包括事先谈判和意图的直接陈述。这些往往与书面文书中提供的语言相矛盾或有所不同。关键证据是可采的,围绕合同当事人已知的信息。值得注意的是,证据为包括以前谈判的证据提供了事实背景。

澳洲保育学论文代写:辩护证据规则设计

在回避证据排除规则的设计中,存在着精确的证据。然而,在不承认预期当事人意图的前提下,有可采证据来揭示鲜为人知的当事人的事实。通过采用这种方法,澳大利亚法院允许在合同中合理当事人的构成方面提供足够的背景资料。对书面协议的解释,按照当事人的总体理解进行,不考虑不相关的辩护证据规则。

澳洲保育学论文代写:辩护证据规则设计

The parol evidence rule can be identified as a controversial component for the common system of law. Australia is well known for maintaining the objective theory of contracting, even though experiencing continuous controversy regarding the existing rule of parol evidence. While the objective theory of contract followed by Australia allows the creation of approach under the rule, it has perfect alignment with the legal system. The main purpose highlighted for this rule is the exclusion of extrinsic evidence that include the direct statements of antecedent negotiations and intention. These tend to contradict or vary the language provided in a written instrument. The key evidence is admissible surrounding information known to the parties in contract. In the notable sense, evidence provides the factual background for including evidence about previous negotiations.

澳洲保育学论文代写:辩护证据规则设计

There are precise evidences in designing the excluded rule of parol evidence. However, there are admissible evidences for revealing the facts about parties less known without admitting the demonstrated intention about expected parties. By the adoption of this approach, courts of Australia allow sufficient background data in the construction of sensible parties in contract. There is interpretation of written agreements as per the overall understanding the parties without considering irrelevant rule of parol evidence.