Why is birthrate declining in Japan?
Japan has entered the age of fully fledged decline of population. The total fertility rate of the nation is the average number of children a woman will bare over the lifetime was 1.32 in 2006 which are somewhat above the 1.26 rate for 2055 the upward shot exist to be largely due to temporary issues not to a bottoming out of the decline. Since the social and economic institutions of Japan such as its social security systems were structured on the premise of population growth a decrease in population endangers them. Still if the birth rate could be returned to a growth trend issues of this sort would be destroyed greatly. For this cause the developing number of people is calling for measures to put the falling number of children back on growth track. In Japan several factors are contributed to low birth rate. Some of the factors are:
a) Family policy: Countries have organized programs of child allowance in different forms. Some countries such as France, distributes the basic allowance for child with means-tested advantage for specific less wages families. The allowances can alter based on the child’s age as well, and it may be increased or decreased for every child or extra child over a specific threshold.
b) Support for old parents: The population’s proportion aged more than 65 is determined to develop from 21% in 2008 to 40% in 2050. The percentage of elderly people that live alone are around 30% in many developed countries and, Japan is an optional choice with a lesser but increasing rate. Still half of the elderly live with their children, although the rate is decreasing gradually. Many elderly persons of advanced age will be women and the care provision for older people, and more specifically for older women, represents stubborn issue. If the elderly people requires long-term then the women stay at home since they are caregivers.
B）对老年父母的支持：65岁以上人口的比例决定发展21% 2008 40% 2050。老年人独自生活的百分比在许多发达国家，30%，日本是一个小但增长率的一个可选的选择。还有一半的老人和孩子住在一起，虽然率逐渐降低。先进的年龄，很多老年人将妇女和老年人的保健服务，特别是老年女性，代表了顽固的问题。如果老年人需要长期的妇女们就呆在家里，因为他们的照顾者。