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澳洲essay代写:减贫项目面临的主要挑战

正如《经济学人》的文章所反映的那样,极端贫困率比以前有所下降。据报道,在1990年,发展中国家43%的人口面临极端贫困,并考虑以每天1元新台币的价格替代。然后贫困率持续下降,到2010年,贫困率上升到21%,贫困线为1.25美元。因此,在消除贫困的迫切要求下,政治家们做出了几项承诺,但都失败了,这被认为是该计划在消除极端贫困方面也失败的主要挑战之一(the Economist, 2013)。一项重大挑战反映出,经济增长是确保减少贫困的主要因素之一,但收入分配是这里重要的主要因素。

《减贫条款》还反映出另一个突出的挑战,即以前制定减贫项目的理念是把各国经济增长作为首要重点,而不是消除贫困。西方保守的政府更注重国家的经济增长和发展。这也强调了国际金融机构,双边机构认为消除贫困是它们面向全球发展的首要重点(Toye, 2007)。调整促进各部门收入平等发展和提供就业机会的政策,应是决策者和执行减贫社会发展计划的机构的首要关切。

从文章中可以明显看出,现金转移支付社会保障与扶贫,社会发展过程中面临的另一个主要挑战是腐败。考虑到非洲的腐败率,是否将现金转移支付作为解决非洲极端贫困问题的一种手段,已经陷入了两难的境地。因此,现金转移的概念已被证明是有效收入的案件,但从更广泛的角度来看,这已经分崩离析。据报告,在大多数情况下,现金转移已证明对家庭消费是有效的,并已导致家庭消费的改善。然而,从更广泛的角度来看,这种方法并没有被证明对减贫是有效的,它对社会转移项目的发展过程构成了阻碍。要考虑到的一个核心因素是贫穷是一个长期存在的问题。随着时间的推移,一些发展中国家的情况进一步恶化,同样需要时间来摆脱贫困问题。

澳洲essay代写:减贫项目面临的主要挑战

As reflected from the article The Economist, the rate of extreme poverty has reduced from before. It is reported that during the year of 1990, in the developing countries, 43 percent of the populations were facing extreme poverty and considered substitution on t $1 per day. Then the rate of poverty kept reducing and by the year of 2010, the rate went to 21 percent with the poverty line of $ 1.25. Therefore, in the urge of eradicating poverty, the politicians made several promises but failed, which is considered to be one of the main challenges that the programs also failed in the eradicating of extreme poverty (The Economist , 2013). One major challenge got reflected that the growth of economy is one of the primary factors that can ensure the reduction of poverty but the distribution of the income is the main element here that matters.
Another prominent challenge has been reflected from the Poverty article Reduction is that previously, the programs are developed on the concept of economic growth of the countries as the primary focus rather than eradicating the poverty. The western government of conservative view emphasized more on the economy growth and development of the country. This has also stressed on the international financial institutions, and the bilateral agencies have considered eradicating the poverty as the primary focus for them towards the global development (Toye, 2007). Adaptation of the policies for the equal development of income in all the sectors and providing the employment opportunities should be the primary concerns of the policy makers as well as for the agencies carryon with the social development programs for povertyreduction.
Apparent from the article, Cash Transfer Social Protection and Poverty Reduction, another major challenge faced during social development program is the corruption. Considering the rate of corruption in Africa, it has resulted in the dilemma whether to use the cash transfer programs as the method to respond to the problem of extreme poverty problem in the country. Therefore, the concept of cash transfer has proved to be effective income of the cases but from the broader angle, this has fallen apart. In most of the cases, this has been reported that cash transfer has proved to be effective in the case of household consumption and has resulted in the improvement of the same. Nevertheless, this method did not prove to be that effective for the poverty reduction from the broader angle and it posed to be an obstruction in the process of development of the social transfer programs. One of the core factors to be taken into account is that poverty has been a long-standing problem. With the growth of time, this has further aggravated in the case of some of the developing countries and the same would take the time to get rid of the poverty problem.