在罗马的东方，城市货币是希腊式城市自治的一个重要方面。地方官员过去在罗马人制定的总体框架下管理希腊式的城市，地方官员负责监督，最终被皇帝看到(Gardner, 2012,p-159)。由于缺乏中央的“微观管理”，城市留下了相当程度的自由。挑选精英“治安官”的目的是让他们决定是否要打这些硬币，以及要在上面放些什么。美索不达米亚的伊德萨国王和博斯普鲁斯国王是唯一一个以黑海和亚佐夫海之间的海峡为中心的客户国王，该海峡在安东宁时期(Green, 2012)抚摸着硬币。日益贬值的埃德萨银币、青铜和金币被博斯普伦王国所铸造。
The major representations of coins were through the name of cities that were struck on the coins. The major production of coins included the production of bronze coins, as the circulation of those was local. They even formed the basis of small changes in the Roman Empire’s eastern half. On the other hand, the production of silver coins was less in quantity. The production of civic bronze coins was done in Spain, Gaul, Italy, Sicily, Mauretania and Sardinia during the Julio-Claudian period. The major change in the production of coins took place during the Antonine period because during that period the production of coins was absolutely based on the eastern phenomenon. The issues were struck by the cities for celebrating their “alliances” with other cities which in some case was with more than one city.
The historic foundation of Rome was in 753 BC it was when Remus was killed by Romulus and thus the name of the city was given after him. It was after this incident only that Rome was ruled by the Kings early times by Local chieftains and in 616 BC it was ruled by Etruscan kings. The last king of the Etruscan was killed in 510 BC and this was the period during which the Republic was born. The background of the widely used phenomenon showed intense rivalry that occurred between the cities of the East (Metcalf, 2012). The uses of alliances were many such as they were used for dispute settlement and were also used for building the coalitions with an aim of enhancing the status of the city. This enhancement in the status of cities was done by aligning themselves either with any one particular city or with more than one city at a time. In this way, the various “alliances” formed itself as a component of the civic “foreign policy”.
The control of the rest of Italy was established by Romans gradually and on the other hand Rome was sacked by Gauls in 391 BC. For attaining control over Sicily and Mediterranean the Ounic Wars during 264-241 BC till 150-146 BC were fought. An alliance was made between Hannibal and Philip V of Macedonia during the second Punic War. The result of this was the conquest of Greece followed by the eastern Mediterranean’s Seleucid Empire’s conquest. Seven coins were issued during the Antonine period i.e. the Koinon of Crete, Koinon of Thessaly, Koinon of Macedonia, Koinon of Lesbos, Koinon of Ionia, Koinon of Galatia and Koinon of Pontus.
In the Roman East, the civic coinage was a crucial aspect in the self-administration of Greek-style cities. The magistrates used to run the Greek-style cities from the local aristocracies that had their operations in a general framework formulated by the Romans, and the provincial governors used to oversee it and were ultimately seen by the emperor (Gardner, 2012,p-159). A considerable degree of freedom for cities was left due to the absence of the central “micro-management”. The selection of the elite “magistrates” was done with an aim that the decision of striking the coins and what has to be put on them were made by them. The kings of Edessa in Mesopotamia and The Kings of Bosporus were the only client king who was centred on the straits located between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov which stroke the coinages during the Antonine period (Green, 2012). The increasingly debased Edessa silver, bronze and gold coins were struck by the Bosporan Kingdom.