根据(Westhues, The Envy of Excellence: Administrative Mobbing of high – performance Professors)，学术机构的企业管理对其所有的财务支出都实行分级签收控制。其次，他们没有履行宪法的目标，即进步和传播知识。此外，他们抽出更多的财政和物质资源来提高他们的职位和工资。此外，他们追求教师的非学术目的。具有这些特征的教育机构并不是真正的学术机构，而仅仅是一个赚钱的企业。
根据李伯维茨的观点，传统的美国大学要么是一个公共组织，要么是一个以公共利益为使命的私人非盈利组织。这意味着，即使大学是由私人金融家资助的，其作用- -教学、研究和校外演讲- -也必须独立于第三方，即行政人员、受托人、立法者和公司财务捐助者的利益之外。
Since last two decades, researchers and other academic stakeholders have observed a detrimental phenomenon in the field of education – corporate invasion of academy. It is the trend whereby the central administration of the educational institutions spend the public money on their own perks and privileges instead of using them up for constructive educational purposes i.e. improvement of learning and dissemination of knowledge. It is also termed as “Corporatization of Academy” and has led to the privatization of academia on a global scale. Universities, today, are exhibiting the culture, practices, workforce policies and strategies that are more like a corporation. (McMurtry)
University presidents and the other high officials at the university who were once paid a salary equivalent to an ordinary faculty member now have tremendously increased their stipends along with other perks and benefits with the help of the business-minded boards. This has not only diverted the institutional attention from its core agenda of educational advancement but has also led to a steep rise in educational fees. This has created many problems for the debt-ridden students, putting universities out of reach of the poor.
Difference between Corporate Administration and Vocation of Learning
According to (Westhues, The Envy of Excellence : Administrative Mobbing of High-achieving Professors), corporate administration of the academic institutions have hierarchal signing control of all its financial expenditures. Secondly, they don’t perform constitutional goals i.e. advancement and dissemination of knowledge. Besides they draw-off more financial and physical resources to enhance their positions and salaries. Moreover, they chase faculty members for non-academic purposes. Educational institutional with these traits are not genuine academic bodies but merely a money making enterprises.
In exact antagonism to corporate administration, educational institutions with learning vocation tend to maximize the advancement and dissemination of knowledge. They share knowledge without any limitations and boundaries and develop humanity’s wide-ranging command of natural and human phenomena.
Corporate administration, since their beginning, have been at loggerheads with learning vocation in terms of patent hunting, prohibition of knowledge sharing, specialty lock-in, making research reliant on external sources of funds, financialization of decision making process, focus on the products that pay more, biased knowledge sharing that benefit the funders, hence attracting more money. (Slaughter and Leslie)
Academic institutions gliding away from core goals
Academicians are also enticed by the fact that their research work is the basis of global knowledge economy and this appeal puts them off from performing their core duty of searching for true and impartial knowledge. Researchers only study and explore those fields where the chances of return are high, leading to ignorance of many core areas such as agriculture, organic farming, pest management etc which crucially require constructive research.
Besides, universities and schools sell their campus grounds for on-site marketing and advertisement, hence attracting more money.
According to (Lieberwitz) a traditional American university is either a public organization or a private non-profit organization with public interest mission. This implies that even if the university is financed by private financiers, its role – teaching, research and extramural speech – has to be autonomous from the interest of third parties i.e. administrators, trustees, legislators and corporate financial donors.
However, the recent phenomenon of corporatization has altered both the goals and practices of academic institutions. The mission of university is changed from serving public interests to serving the interests of private market and the university. Consequently, there is a drastic impact on academic culture and academic freedom.
The university’s interests have now a conflict of interest with economic goals of business corporations that compromises the university autonomy to engage in research without any commercial intent. This shakes public interest in the authenticity of academic research.