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澳洲论文代写价格:企业对学术的入侵和影响

近二十年来,研究人员和其他学术利益相关者发现了教育领域的一种有害现象——企业对学术的入侵。这是一种趋势,中央管理的教育机构把公共资金花在自己的津贴和特权,而不是用他们的建设性的教育目的,即改善学习和传播知识。它也被称为“学院公司化”,并导致了全球范围内学术界的私有化。如今,大学正在展示更像企业的文化、实践、劳动力政策和战略。(马克穆特)

在具有商业头脑的董事会的帮助下,大学校长和大学里的其他高级官员,他们的薪水曾经相当于普通教师的薪水,现在却大幅增加了他们的津贴以及其他津贴和福利。这不仅转移了机构对其教育发展核心议程的注意力,而且导致了教育费用的急剧上涨。这给债台高筑的学生带来了许多问题,让穷人无法上大学。

企业管理与职业学习的区别

根据(Westhues, The Envy of Excellence: Administrative Mobbing of high – performance Professors),学术机构的企业管理对其所有的财务支出都实行分级签收控制。其次,他们没有履行宪法的目标,即进步和传播知识。此外,他们抽出更多的财政和物质资源来提高他们的职位和工资。此外,他们追求教师的非学术目的。具有这些特征的教育机构并不是真正的学术机构,而仅仅是一个赚钱的企业。

与企业管理恰恰相反,具有学习型职业的教育机构倾向于最大化地推进和传播知识。他们分享知识,没有任何限制和边界,并发展人类广泛的控制自然和人类现象。

企业管理,因为他们开始,一直不和,学习职业方面的专利狩猎,禁止知识共享、专业锁定,使研究依赖外部资金来源,金融化的决策过程,关注产品支付更多,有偏见的知识共享有利于资助者,因此吸引了更多的钱。(屠宰和莱斯利)

学术机构偏离了核心目标

学术界人士也被他们的研究工作是全球知识经济的基础这一事实所吸引,这种吸引力使他们无法履行寻找真实和公正的知识的核心职责。研究人员只研究和探索那些回报机会高的领域,从而忽视了许多核心领域,如农业、有机农业、害虫管理等,而这些领域都迫切需要建设性的研究。

此外,大学和学校出售校园场地进行现场营销和广告,从而吸引更多的资金。

根据李伯维茨的观点,传统的美国大学要么是一个公共组织,要么是一个以公共利益为使命的私人非盈利组织。这意味着,即使大学是由私人金融家资助的,其作用- -教学、研究和校外演讲- -也必须独立于第三方,即行政人员、受托人、立法者和公司财务捐助者的利益之外。

然而,最近的公司化现象已经改变了学术机构的目标和做法。大学的使命由为公共利益服务转变为为私人市场和大学的利益服务。因此,这对学术文化和学术自由产生了巨大的影响。

大学的利益现在已经与商业公司的经济目标发生了利益冲突,这损害了大学在没有任何商业意图的情况下从事研究的自主权。这动摇了公众对学术研究真实性的兴趣。

澳洲论文代写价格:企业对学术的入侵和影响

Since last two decades, researchers and other academic stakeholders have observed a detrimental phenomenon in the field of education – corporate invasion of academy. It is the trend whereby the central administration of the educational institutions spend the public money on their own perks and privileges instead of using them up for constructive educational purposes i.e. improvement of learning and dissemination of knowledge. It is also termed as “Corporatization of Academy” and has led to the privatization of academia on a global scale. Universities, today, are exhibiting the culture, practices, workforce policies and strategies that are more like a corporation. (McMurtry)
University presidents and the other high officials at the university who were once paid a salary equivalent to an ordinary faculty member now have tremendously increased their stipends along with other perks and benefits with the help of the business-minded boards. This has not only diverted the institutional attention from its core agenda of educational advancement but has also led to a steep rise in educational fees. This has created many problems for the debt-ridden students, putting universities out of reach of the poor.
Difference between Corporate Administration and Vocation of Learning
According to (Westhues, The Envy of Excellence : Administrative Mobbing of High-achieving Professors), corporate administration of the academic institutions have hierarchal signing control of all its financial expenditures. Secondly, they don’t perform constitutional goals i.e. advancement and dissemination of knowledge. Besides they draw-off more financial and physical resources to enhance their positions and salaries. Moreover, they chase faculty members for non-academic purposes. Educational institutional with these traits are not genuine academic bodies but merely a money making enterprises.
In exact antagonism to corporate administration, educational institutions with learning vocation tend to maximize the advancement and dissemination of knowledge. They share knowledge without any limitations and boundaries and develop humanity’s wide-ranging command of natural and human phenomena.
Corporate administration, since their beginning, have been at loggerheads with learning vocation in terms of patent hunting, prohibition of knowledge sharing, specialty lock-in, making research reliant on external sources of funds, financialization of decision making process, focus on the products that pay more, biased knowledge sharing that benefit the funders, hence attracting more money. (Slaughter and Leslie)
Academic institutions gliding away from core goals
Academicians are also enticed by the fact that their research work is the basis of global knowledge economy and this appeal puts them off from performing their core duty of searching for true and impartial knowledge. Researchers only study and explore those fields where the chances of return are high, leading to ignorance of many core areas such as agriculture, organic farming, pest management etc which crucially require constructive research.
Besides, universities and schools sell their campus grounds for on-site marketing and advertisement, hence attracting more money.
According to (Lieberwitz) a traditional American university is either a public organization or a private non-profit organization with public interest mission. This implies that even if the university is financed by private financiers, its role – teaching, research and extramural speech – has to be autonomous from the interest of third parties i.e. administrators, trustees, legislators and corporate financial donors.
However, the recent phenomenon of corporatization has altered both the goals and practices of academic institutions. The mission of university is changed from serving public interests to serving the interests of private market and the university. Consequently, there is a drastic impact on academic culture and academic freedom.
The university’s interests have now a conflict of interest with economic goals of business corporations that compromises the university autonomy to engage in research without any commercial intent. This shakes public interest in the authenticity of academic research.