The Victorian Gold rush was perhaps one of the most important events in the history of Australia. Upon discovery of gold by Hargreaves, thousands of diggers, not only from Australia but all around the world flocked to the area where gold was to be harvested. The increase in immigrants as well as the distinct culture of the gold rush played a huge role in shaping the culture and society of Australia.
Immigration was one of the major ways in which the Gold rush impacted life in Australia. Due to the influx of a large number of cultures, multiculturalism was beginning take roots in Australia. The Chinese in particular were quite resented in this respect since they not only looked different, but their practices were also quite alien to the native Australians (Goodman 1994). It was resentment against this culture and other Asian nationalities that resulted in the introduction of the white Australian Policy in the twentieth century. Also, a policy was inculcated after the gold rush that limited the influx of the Chinese to Australia (Cavendish 2001).