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澳洲旋滨科技大学论文代写:政治

托克维尔并不仅仅用理论的方法来解释多数人的暴政,他还有实际的方法来详细调查这个问题。当他在1830年到达美国时,实践方法得以发展。他发现美国人正在经历欧洲平等的水平。欧洲当时没有任何形式的平等存在。这导致了“条件平等”原则的形成。这也意味着为了形成民主,平等是重要的(Aharony 2010,41)。在欧洲,权力主要掌握在贵族手中,欧洲的政治和社会权力可以通过名字和出生地获得。因此,托克维尔称其为多数的暴政,并将美国与欧洲的民主条件进行了比较。

澳洲旋滨科技大学论文代写:政治
阿伦特的极权主义与多数人的暴政不同,因为它认为大多数人不参与政府,政治是由少数人主动控制的。然而,它仍然奠定了阿伦特的“极权主义”与托克维尔在美国的民主之间的巨大关系。托克维尔在美国写了“民主”,因为他在民主中发现了许多问题,比如多数人的暴政崛起,社会平等,个人主义的传播,据他说,这是现代社会发展的很好的例子。也可以说,19世纪美国的趋势和政治制度是模范的,因为现代社会正在寻求“条件的平等”,因此,民主不仅仅是政府的形式,而且也是社会状况朝向平等的形式(De Tocqueville 2003,73)

澳洲旋滨科技大学论文代写:政治

Tocqueville did not just use the theoretical approach to explain the tyranny of majority, but he also had the practical approach to investigate this matter in detail. The practical approach was developed when he reached America in the year 1830. He found that people in American are experiencing the level of equality that was to found in Europe. No form of equality existed that time in Europe. This gave rise to the formation of the principle of ‘equality of condition’. This also implies that for the formation of democracy, equality is important (Aharony 2010, 41). In Europe, the power was mainly in the hands of the aristocracy and the political and social power in Europe could be gained on the name and birth. Therefore, Tocqueville has called it the tyranny of the majority and has compared the lot of democratic conditions of USA with Europe.

澳洲旋滨科技大学论文代写:政治
The Totalitarianism by Arendt is different from the tyranny of majority because it argues that majority of the people do not participate in the government and the politics is actively controlled by the minority. However, it still lays the great affinity between the Arendt’s ‘totalitarianism’ and Tocqueville’s Democracy in America. Tocqueville wrote Democracy in America, because he found many problems in the democracy, such as rise of tyranny of the majority, social equality, spread of individualism, which according to him were very good examples of the development of the modern societies. It can also be said that trends and political institutions of the 19th century America were exemplary, because the modern societies were looking towards the ‘equality of the conditions’, therefore, the democracy was not just the form of government, but it was also the form of social condition towards equality (De Tocqueville 2003, 73)