Tourism has an ethical element attached to it, where the tourist is required to be more ethical in his or her actions and not behave irrationally. The sites of importance require more attention than normal sites as they are considered to be more important for the future due to its inherent nature, its productive value, and its usefulness for maintaining an ecological balance in the region. The ethical issue identified is the site of Sierra Gorda in Queretaro, Mexico which is one of the 11 bio-conservation reserve area grappling an ethical dilemma of maintaining a balance between the sustenance of the local community subsistence level, and to conserve the site which is immensely important as a bio-reserve. This paper will discuss the ethical dilemma presented and what are the possible solutions available to maintain the balance between the two.
The decision for striking a balance between the two is important and must be based on a sound ethical theory which is justified and provides relief to both sides of the dilemma.
The possible decisions available to the dilemma is based upon the human rights ethics of the people living inside the reserve and the right of nature to be protected for a long time. The ethical theories of virtue ethics and natural law will be applied to the case study ethical dilemma.
The rational decision making framework provides a fundamental requirement of justifiable decision in ethical dilemmas where the justice and consequences of the decisions are weighed properly against the drawbacks of the decision. Sierra Gorda is a great site and is entangled into an ethical dilemma of protecting the region from excessive exploitation as it is an essential biosphere for climate and weather control, and of protecting the communities living inside as they have been living these since generations. The natural law and virtue ethics of justice theories are applied here and a suitable decision is arrived. The living community is asked to continue living inside but not enter into restricted zones and exploitation of the forest region beyond their livelihood requirement, and the region in particular is protected with advanced measures where the community, the authorities, and visitors work together to make a decision about not damaging the internal flora and fauna and landscape of the Sierra Gorda region in Mexico.