本篇代寫論文費用-基因重組講了瞭解冰河時代的適應性需要研究由於氣候波動而發生的基因組變化。這是一個複雜的場景，從氣候端到基因組，從基因組變化到地理和氣候區。在這種背景下，Hewitt(1995)的工作認爲基因重組是在一系列反覆的收縮和擴張中發生的。作者以昆蟲爲例，說明了適應性對物種形成的影響。本篇代寫論文費用由澳洲第一論文 Assignment First輔導網整理，供大家參考閱讀。
Understanding adaptions over the ice ages requires a study of the gnomic changes that happens as a result of climatic fluctuations. This is a complex scenario that is approached from the climatic end to the genome and from the genomic change to the geography and climate zone. In this background context, the work of Hewitt (1995) argues that genetic restructuring has happened in a series of repeated contractions and expansions. Using an insect example, the author is able to present how adaptions have an effect on speciation.
Speciation by monobrachial centric fusion is studied by Baker & Bickham (1986). The area of study as reviewed by the author is a controversial one because of the fact that chromosomal mutation as understood as a cause for sufficient loss of fitness in a heterozygote serving as an isolating mechanism might be difficult to establish for a population. In this background context, authors Baker & Bickham (1986) present a model to consider the geographic situation and their mediation in chromosomal speciation. The model specifications are that it can work only with extrinsically isolated subpopulations and will be best used when applied to a peripartric founder population. Additionally, there are many different types of chromosomal rearrangements and this model concerns itself with centric fusion. Much work using such models has been done with mammalian populations.
The work of Harrison & Larson (2014) considered the speciation in the context of the genomic differentiation. Species boundaries as argued by the authors are semipermeable, and the permeability is a function of the genome region meaning the gene exchange is coordinated by the genome regions. The work presents secondary work insights on DNA sequences and genotypes in the discussion on the semipermeable nature of species boundaries. The work presents the argument that patterns of differentiation have to be studied across multiple hybrid zones in order to understand the genomic region and their functional genomic exchanges based on their hybridization. The work is useful for understanding different patterns of exchange.