There are a large number of political and legal discussions where it is considered that discrimination is morally wrong and should be prohibited. Because of discrimination some of the people have to suffer in various contexts (Health, 2014). They are hurt, manipulated and denied. This is an in-human act which has a disproportionately disadvantageous effect on the people who belong to different types of salient groups. The primary motive of discrimination of the people is because of the motive that they are morally tainted. By considering the members of certain race as morally inferior to the others is something which is wrong. When a group is discriminated, they feel alienated, disconnected and hurt. Because of this they face a number of issues such as lack of self-esteem, depression and antisocial behavior.
Is it possible to have affirmative action without preferential treatment?
Affirmative action programs have been aimed to ensure that the people who have been discriminated in the past should get proper access to jobs, education etc. It is not possible to have affirmative action without preferential treatments. There are a number of instances where affirmative actions includes preferential treatment. Selection of the unqualified candidate who belongs to a minority is an instance of preferential treatment during an affirmative action (Susskind et al, 2014). Another preferential treatment is the selection of the students is done when the female or a minority candidate is selected over candidates who have a better record. Thus, while implementing affirmative action, there is a preferential treatment for minorities. So, affirmative actions are not possible without preferential treatment.
Affirmative action may aim to eliminate discrimination from the society. But, on the contrary it also gives birth to reverse discrimination. The people who belong to majority begin to develop a feeling of hatred against the minorities. In the present globalized world the situations are different. In order to fight with discrimination, the people belonging to the majorities should be motivated. They should be asked to treat the individuals belonging to minors in an equal manner. Additionally, affirmation should be not done by giving preference to a candidate of minor class who does not deserve. Many incidents have been observed where when the non-deserving candidate is selected over the deserving one just because of affirmation. In the present world, discrimination can’t be resolved by reservation (Osuagwu, 2014). Instead, it needs to have a better approach. Some of the better ways include the education for poor people instead of minorities. Over the time, the social constructs have changed. Many a times where a person from minority gets equal opportunities to the one from majority and have access to all the modes of education. Still, he is preferred because of affirmative action. There should be preferences for the people who are disabled.