Evidence Based Practice in Nursing
Nurses play an instrumental role in providing and thus ensuring evidence based practice. They always come up with a common question asking for the evidences behind any intervention or how can they provide best practice. Nurses are well supported by the healthcare team and other clinical research members in order to identify clinical issues and implement current evidence to improve their practice for the maximum satisfaction of the patients.
Considering one example where potential benefits were witnessed by discontinuing the regular practice of listening the bowel sounds of patients undergone with elective abdominal surgery. Existing practice was assessed and new practice guideline was developed and evaluated. In addition return of flatus and postoperative bowel movement were identified and suggested more useful in order to determine gastrointestinal mobility after the surgery than bowel sounds. Evidence based practice in nursing was considered as a resulting and time saving approach without having negative outcomes (Madsen et al., 2005). In order to reduce injuries, pressure ulcers, and its severity, nurses are involved in multidisciplinary efforts hence, money can be saved and improvement of care processes can be attained. It has been witnessed that the severity and number of such injuries have reduced by implementing guidelines based on evidences.
As per the work by Pravikoff, Tanner & Pierce (2005), it was evidenced that nurses provide care only on the basis of their learning from an institution. They very rarely refer to research reports, healthcare articles or hospital libraries to get more updated knowledge and thus quality care cannot be maintained based on outdated approaches. Hence, it is important to implement evidence based practice in nursing to provide critical strategy ensuring up to date care with best available research evidences.