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The individual’s chief

responsibility is to search for work, hence to participate in the (labour) market. The provision of a state income has thus become a means of commodifying rather than decommodifying labour.

Graham Room (2000) develops the concept of ‘decommodification for selfdevelopment’,

meaning welfare systems which, through educational provision and subsequent work satisfaction, can develop the individual rather than simply cater for his/her physical consumption needs via income replacement.

Yet an assessment of New Labour policy using the concepts reviewed in this article leads to almost the opposite conclusion. The welfare system being constructed by New Labour aims at increasingly educating/training people to be workers (in the narrow sense), rather than develop them as individuals (in the widest sense). This process is not, therefore, to do with  decommodification; rather, it is about enhancing the commodity status of labour through increasing the productivity of individual workers and through increasing the efficiency

of the labour market as a whole. Whilst modern capitalism may offer more scope for satisfaction through work than in Marx’s time, the role of economic and social policy is increasingly concerned not with this, but with narrow productivist goals. Under New Labour this state-organised ‘recommodification’ has been extended also to those groups for whom it was previously more acceptable not to engage in paid employment. Thus single mothers must attend work-focused interviews where they are offered assistance to find work through the New Deal for Lone Parents, and a subsidy to work through tax credits. Similarly, measures have

been put in place to encourage disabled people into work. The New Deal for Disabled People has involved a range of local pilot projects and a national scheme of ‘job brokers’ who will mediate between disabled job seekers and potential employers.

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个人的首席

责任是寻找工作,因此参与(工党)市场。一个国家提供收入已经成为商品化的而不是decommodifying劳动的一种手段。

格雷厄姆的房间(2000)开发的“自我”去商品化的概念,

意义的福利系统,通过提供教育和后续工作的满意度,可以发展个人而不是简单地满足他/她的体育消费需要通过收入替代。

然而,使用的概念综述新工党的政策评估导致几乎相反的结论。福利制度的构建是新工党教育/培训的人是越来越多的工人(狭义),而不是培养他们作为个人(在最广泛的意义上)。这个过程是没有的,因此,如何去商品化;相反,它是通过增加工人的生产力,通过提高效率提高劳动力商品的地位

对劳动力市场作为一个整体。而现代资本主义可能提供更多的空间比通过工作满意度在马克思的时代,经济和社会政策的作用日益关注的不是这个,但狭义生产主义的目标。在新工党这国家‘recommodification”已经扩展到那些谁以前更不从事有偿就业的接受。因此,单身母亲必须参加工作重点访谈,他们提供了援助,通过单亲家长的新政找到工作,并通过税收抵免补贴工作。同样,措施

制定鼓励残疾人工作。残疾人新政涉及一系列的地方试点项目和国家“就业经纪人谁将残疾求职者和雇主之间进行调解方案。

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