Contemporary Globalization and Terrorism:
Another very important aspect that contemporary globalization has bred and something that is the buzz word of today’s political conflict is, ‘terrorism’. Terrorism was very rare historically and we can only find sporadic events occurring after huge time gaps. But the twentieth century has seen an exponential rise in the popularity and practice of terrorism. Historically, only nations were involved against each other but contemporarily non- state actors have been heavily involved against other non state or state actors. This happened because of two reasons, firstly because the global arena because of globalisation is so highly intricate these days that it is practically very possible for a small group or individual to directly challenge a state or superpower. Secondly, the escalation in economic inequality coupled with the inter connectivity of nations allowed groups and individuals to transform their contentions into an extremist paradigm and then directly challenging their foes, no matter how large and powerful they are. Terrorism is simply a backlash towards perceived injustice or the sense of perceived injustice. And a very major source of perceived injustice in the eyes of those economically deprived is the financial and economic hegemony practiced by the globally strong economic players and superpowers. And only contemporary globalization has enabled those nations to practice such type of hegemony and complete dominance. When the backlash started gaining ground then the term terrorism started gaining ground and the ‘religion factor’ coupled with many others were also encapsulated into it (Baylis, 2008; Smith, 2008; Owens, 2008, pp 560-625).